Diabetes is an illness that causes the body to not make enough insulin or not utilize insulin efficiently. Here are the most important points parents should know about preventing the disease and treating the child with diabetes.
Type 1 Diabetes In Children
Type-1 diabetes –which used to be called juvenile or insulin -dependent diabetes, can start anytime in infancy or childhood. Unlike diabetes in adults and Type-2 diabetes, which can come on very gradually, in Type -1 diabetes, the pancreas suddenly stops producing insulin, causing the child to get very sick quickly.
Type-1 Diabetes In Children Signs And Symptoms
- Child urinates frequently. In order to flush out the high sugar that is accumulating in your child’s bloodstream, the kidneys produce more urine. This is often one of the earliest signs of diabetes.
- Child often complains of thirst. Because then child is urinating so much and losing so much fluid, he or she will often complain of being very thirsty.
- Dehydration and weight loss. Losing a lot of fluid very fast causes the child to get tired, lethargic, and dehydrated, with dry lips, dry mouth and dry skin, and to quickly lose weight.
- Rapid breathing. The high blood sugar causes chemicals called ketones to build up in the blood, which, in turn, cause the child to breathe fast. You may even smell the ketones on the child’s “fruity” breath.
Diabetes Type I Treatment
Once your pediatrician examines your child and puts all these clues together, your child will be hospitalized immediately, rehydrated with intravenous fluids, and given insulin to bring down the high blood glucose.
Also the child must get plenty of exercise and maintain a healthy weight. Also the parent must get a glucose monitoring kit and monitor the blood sugars at least 3 times per day. Anyone that has Type 1 diabetes has to have insulin to survive.
With lifestyle changes, a child can grow up to have a healthy and fulfilling life.